Patrick Raynaud

Year of birth, place
1946, Carcassonne, France
Role at the ZKM
in the collection
Patrick Raynaud was born in Carcassone in 1946. From 1964 to 1966 he studied Modern Literature at the University of Toulouse; and from 1967 to 1970 he attended the Institut des Hautes Études Cinématographiques (IDHEC), Paris. Afterwards he worked almost exclusively in film. He lives in Paris.

In the 1980s, alongside his continuing work in film, Raynaud started to create flat figures and houses made from wooden boards. At the same time he began to take a great interest in the container as an art object. In order to address three issues - the context in which a work of art is presented (in particular, contemporary sculpture), the art market, and art history - Raynaud displayed crates of the sort used for the transportation of art works. These contained large illuminated ciba-chrome photographs of celebrated works of Classical Modernism. A related approach to the same themes is reflected in other groups of works from the early 1980s, in which Raynaud drew a parallel between the display of the relics of saints in reliquary caskets and the positive revaluation of works of art through the style of their presentation. Illuminated cibachrome photographs of the life-size bodies of naked, sleeping male figures cocooned in velvet or in various packing materials, were placed in transportation crates made of wood and metal. Similar motifs are to be found in some of Raynaud's transparent, illuminated colourful neon crates. Raynaud has also treated the theme of the transience of the human body in a series of works in which he placed large-scale photographs of parts of the skin surface in a series of small, illuminated plastic tanks linked together by coloured neon tubes. 

Individual exhibitions (selection)
1977 Galerie Harry Jancovici, Paris
1981 Galerie del Naviglio, Milan
1982 Museu Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
1987 »Transports«, Galerie Optica, Montréal
1988 »Un Sculpteur en Voyage«, Centre d'Art Contemporain de Montbéliard; »Die Frage des 'in situ' no. 2«, Neue Galerie Sammlung Ludwig, Aachen
1989 »Der Perseus Zyklus«, Brigitte March Galerie, Stuttgart
1991 »La Strategie des Apparences«, Galerie Langer Fain, Paris
1993 Museum Moderner Kunst, Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna; »Patrick Raynaud: Sie Transit Gloria Mundi«, Kunstverein and Institut Français, Freiburg, subsequently at Mannheimer Kunstverein, Kunstverein Siegen, Tiroler Kunsthalle II, Institut Français, Innsbruck
1995 le crédac, Ivry-sur-Seine
1996 Brigitte March Galerie, Stuttgart; »Patrick Raynaud - Die wunderbare Reise«, Ursula Blickle Stiftung, Kraichtal, subsequently at Ludwig Museum im Deutschherrenhaus, Koblenz
1997 Stadtgalerie Saarbrücken; Städtische Galerie Erlangen; Galerie der Stadt Ravensburg, subsequently at le crédac, Ivry-sur-Seine; »Karawanserei, Privat Storehouse«,
Johanniterhalle, Schwäbisch Hall
Group exhibitions (selection)
1976 »Les Boites«, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
1985 »Soyons Serieux«, ELAC, Espace Lyonnais d'Art Contemporain, Lyon
1986 »Aperto 86«, Biennale di Venezia, Venice
1987 »Inside Outside«, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerp
1989 »D & S«, Kunstverein, Hamburg
1990 »GegenwartEwigkeit«, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; »Kontexte«, Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe
1991 »Das Goldene Zeitalter«, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
1993 »Konfrontationen«, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna
1994 »Orte der Kunst«, Sprengel Museum Hannover; »Lichtraum«, Museum Folkwang, Essen, subsequently at Bauhaus, Dessau; »Das Multiple«, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg
1997 »Zur falschen Zeit am falschen Ort - zur rechten Zeit am rechten Ort - Landscape - Cityscape«, Brigitte March Galerie, Stuttgart

[Konstanze Thümmel, 1997]