Rosemarie Trockel

Year of birth, place
1952, Schwerte, Germany
Role at the ZKM
Artist of the Collection
Biography
Rosemarie Trockel was born in Schwerte in 1952. After initially studying Anthropology, Comparative Religion and Mathematics, she attended the Werkkunstschulen, Cologne, where, from 1974 to 1978, she studied Fine Art in the Department of Print-making and Design. She has received numerous prizes and awards for her work. She lives in Cologne.

Trockel has focused on sculptural work since the early 1980s. Her sculptures have included hollow, vase-like objects in clay, bronze casts of dead animals and numerous works incorporating display cases. She is especially well-known for her objects made using oven hotplates and lengths of machine-knitted woollen cloth, into which she incorporates symbolic knitted pictures or which has made up into strange looking pieces of clothing - socks or face masks. A further part of her output consists of works on paper using ink, pencil, chalk or oils. At the end of the 1970s, Trockel made a series of videos of animals, in which she combined film she had herself shot with material from other sources; and since the mid-1990s she has produced large-scale photographic portraits of animals. In her videos of the 1990s she has often concentrated on the movements of human individuals, animals or objects. Thematically, Trockel's work addresses issues such as notions of femininity, the significance of commercial and political symbols, the role of animals as mirrors of  the unconscious, artistic strategies, and the mechanism of the art market. 

Individual exhibitions (selection)
 
1983 »Rosemarie Trockel: Plastiken 1982-1983«, Galerie Philomene Magers, Bonn, subsequently at Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne
1985 »Rosemarie Trockel: Bilder - Skulpturen - Zeichnungen«, Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn
1988 »Projects: Rosemarie Trockel«, The Museum of Modern Art, New York; »Rosemarie Trockel«, Kunsthalle, Basle; subsequently at Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1991 »Rosemarie Trockel«, The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; subsequently at University Art Museum, Berkeley; Museum of Contemporary Arts, Chicago; The Power Plant, Toronto, and at a venue in Madrid
1994 »Rosemarie Trockel: Anima«, MAK - Österreichisches Museum für angewandte Kunst, Vienna
1995 »Löffel und Mirabelle«, Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld
1996  The Biennale of Sydney, The Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; Centre for Contemporary Art, Warsaw
1997 Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne; Barbara Glacistone Gallery, New York; Donald Young Gallery, Seattle; Kunstverein, Schwerte
 
Group exhibitions (selection)
 
1985 »Ars Viva 85/86, Arbeiten mit/auf Papier«, Bauhaus-Archiv, Museum für Gestaltung, Berlin; »Kölner Herbstsalon«, Museum Ludwig, Cologne
1986 »Soonsbeek '86«, Arnheim; The Biennale of Sydney, The Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
1987 »Art from Europe«, Tate Gallery, London; »Comic Iconoclasm«, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, subsequently at Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin; Cornerhause
Gallery, Manchester; »Similia/Dissimilia«, Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf; subsequently at Leo Castelli Gallery and Sonnabend Gallery, New York
1988 »BiNationale«, Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf; Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, subsequently at The Institute of Contemporary Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Kunsthalle, Bremen, and at a venue in Stuttgart; »Carnegie International«, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh
1989 »Refigured Painting: The German Image 1960-88«, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, subsequently at Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo/Ohio; Williams
College Museum of Art, Williamstown; Kunstmuseum, Düsseldorf, and at a venue in Frankfurt/M; »Bilderstreit«, Museum Ludwig, Rheinhallen, Cologne
1992 »Allegories of Modernism: Contemporary Drawing«, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
1995 »fémininmasculin: Le sexe de l'art«, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1996 »von Beuys bis Trockel«, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1997 documenta X (with Carsten Höller), Kassel; »Die Epoche der Moderne«, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin; »Deutschlandbilder«, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin

[Konstanze Thümmel, 1997]