Art in Europe 1945 – 1968. The Continent that the EU Does Not Know

Supplement to the exhibition catalogue

Yellow cover with blue, white and yellow globe. White and blue font.
Type of publication
Exhibition catalog
Author / Editor
Peter Weibel (ed.)
Publishing house, place
ZKM⎪Zentrum für Kunst und Medien Karlsruhe

This brochure is published on the occasion of the exhibition »Facing the Future: Art in Europe 1945-1968«, organised by the Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels (BOZAR), ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, State Museum Exhibition Centre ROSIZO and The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. In the Framework of the European cooperation project »Trauma & Revival« gathering Cittadellarte-Fondazione Pistoletto, ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, kim? Contemporary Art Centre, Bunkier Sztuki Gallery of Contemporary Art, the University of Jyväskylä and the Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels (BOZAR).

Table of contents

Art in Europe 1945 – 1968. The Continent that the EU Does Not Know
Introduction: PETER WEIBEL 5
Phase 1: Trauma and Remembrance
Trauma and Remembrance: PETER WEIBEL 33
Phase 2: Abstraction
Art Informel and Tachism – Gestures of Abstraction: PETER WEIBEL 43
Phase 3: The Crisis of Easel Painting
Material Painting – The Painting as an Object: PETER WEIBEL 49
Arte Povera as an Artistic Guerilla Tactic: JUDITH BIHR 53
Phase 4: The Destruction of the Means of Representation
The Destruction of the Means of Representation: PETER WEIBEL 57
Phase 5: From Representation to Reality
Nouveau Réalisme – A Dialog with the Real Things: PETER WEIBEL 61
Pop Art in the East and West: JUDITH BIHR 68
Phase 6: New Visions and Tendencies
Kinetic, Optical, and Light Art – The Reality of Movement, the Viewer, and Light: PETER WEIBEL 73
New Visions: DARIA MILLE 81
Neo-Constructivism: DARIA MILLE 85
New Tendencies: MARGIT ROSEN 89
Cybernetics and Computer Art – From Design to Programming: PETER WEIBEL 94
Visionary Architecture: JUDITH BIHR 97
Phase 7: New Forms of Interactivity
The Audience as Performer: PETER WEIBEL 101
Phase 8: Action Art
The Artist as Performer: PETER WEIBEL 105
Phase 9: Conceptual Art
The Concept of Image as Concept Script: PETER WEIBEL 115
Phase 10: Media Art
From Space-based to Time-based Imagery: PETER WEIBEL 121


128 pp., ill., paperback
Organization / Institution
ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe



Federal Republic of Germany Foreign Office ; Baden-Würrtemberg Stiftung ; Co-funded by the Creative Europe Programme of the European Union ; Fondazione / Stiftung ; Galerie Zdenek Sklenar ; Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst Baden-Württemberg ; Stadt Karlsruhe

About the editors